Yesterday in what turns out to be Round 1 of this subject I wrote
[MP Nadine] Dorries … said that we… have “more abortions than anywhere else in Western Europe”… I have neither the time nor the will to delve into this generalisation.
Somehow, overnight I summonsed the will to look at the data and again the truth turns out to be more complex than the politician’s easy generalisation:
Italics – most recent year available if not 2008
Source: Eurostat databases
As with all statistical data the devil is in the detail. Ms Dorries talked about “Western Europe” and in the absence of an official definition I have used my own. For one reason or another there is no data available for Ireland, Greece, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Austria or Portugal.
When commenting on her other claims on this subject I used figures for England and Wales as these are the headline numbers the Department of Health publish. Scotland and Northern Ireland have devolved responsibility for health. Strictly speaking I should also have excluded Welsh data for the same reason, which would have brought Ms Dorries’ claimed “200,000” abortions per year down to just under 181,000 in 2010. This seems reasonable because the changes to the abortion law she seeks would only apply to England. On the other hand, when making international comparisons, the only data available is at UK level, and only for 2008.
Having said all that, we can return to Ms Dorries’ claims and conclude
- Yes, we did have the highest number of abortions in Western Europe, but only in 2008 (since when our figures have fallen slightly – data is not yet available for other countries) and only slightly more than France
- However, on the much more meaningful measure of the chance of a woman having an abortion (the rate) France and the UK are virtually the same and have the second highest rate in Western Europe
- The highest rate of abortions in Western Europe, considerably higher than either the UK or France, is in Sweden
- There is arguably a cluster of four countries –the UK, France, Norway and Denmark – where the rates of abortion are not that different.
So the scary headline the highest number of abortions, with all its negative connotations, turns out to tell only part of a complex story.